07 April 2013

University of Missouri Abstract on Using Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) on Lithium Ion Batteries

The University of Missouri presented its research on using Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) as a material for lithium ion battery anodes. This research was presented at a meeting of the American Chemical Society as part of the 245th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society. The abstract on the TiO2 research follows:

Surface-disordered hydrogenated TiO2 nanocrystals for lithium ion battery

Xiaobo Chen, University of Missouri
Phone: 816-235-6420
Email: chenxiaobo@umkc.edu

TiO2, mainly known for photocatalysis, has also been studied as a safer anode material for lithium ion batteries compared to graphite, while with the limited lithium ion diffusion within the host and the structural distortion during lithium insertion/extraction. Here, we demonstrate that a thin layer of hydrogenated surface disorder on the crystalline TiO2 electrode may induce better electrochemical energy storage performance, better charge/discharge rate performance, larger capacity and longer stability. The reasons for these improvements are proposed in terms of the facilitation of easier lithium ion transport within the disordered layer and the less structural distortion during the lithium insertion/extraction process.

University of Missouri