Thyme is a delicate looking herb with a penetrating fragrance. Its leaves are curled, elliptically shaped and very small. The upper leaf is green-grey in color on top, while the underside is a whitish color. It is popularly used in cooking for its strong flavor especially for meats, soups and stews.
Aside from thyme's culinary uses, the herb also has medicinal benefits as well. Oil of thyme, the essential oil of common thyme (Thymus vulgaris), contains thymol. Thymol is an antiseptic that has been found to protect and significantly increase the percentage of healthy fats found in cell membranes and other cell structures. Thymol has also been shown to be effective against various fungi that commonly infect toenails. Thymol can also be found as the active ingredient in some all-natural, alcohol-free hand sanitizers.
Aside from thymol, Thyme essential oil also contains a range of additional compounds, such as p-Cymene, myrcene, borneol and linalool. Before the advent of modern antibiotics, oil of thyme was used to medicate bandages.
It must be noted that women should avoid thyme during pregnancy as it stimulate muscles, including the uterus, which possibly can cause a miscarriage.
Treatment of Skin Acne
Herbal preparations of thyme could be more effective at treating skin acne than prescription creams, according to research presented at the Society for General Microbiology's Spring Conference in Dublin. Further clinical testing could lead to an effective, gentler treatment for the skin condition.
Researchers from Leeds Metropolitan University tested the effect of thyme, marigold and myrrh tinctures on Propionibacterium acnes – the bacterium that causes acne by infecting skin pores and forming spots, which range from white heads through to puss-filled cysts. The group found that while all the preparations were able to kill the bacterium after five minutes exposure, thyme was the most effective of the three. What's more, they discovered that thyme tincture had a greater antibacterial effect than standard concentrations of benzoyl peroxide – the active ingredient in most anti-acne creams or washes.
Video: Medicinal Uses of Thyme
Dr Margarita Gomez-Escalada who is leading the research project explained how tinctures are made from plants and herbs. "The plant material is steeped in alcohol for days or even weeks to prepare a tincture. This process draws out the active compounds from the plant. While thyme, marigold and myrrh are common herbal alternatives to standard antibacterial skin washes, this is the first study to demonstrate the effect they have on the bacterium that causes the infection leading to acne," she said. The researchers used a standard in vitro model that is used to test the effect of different substances applied to the skin. The effects of the tinctures were measured against an alcohol control – proving their antibacterial action was not simply due to the sterilizing effect of the alcohol they are prepared in.
These initial findings pave the way for more research into the use of tinctures as a treatment for acne. "We now need to carry out further tests in conditions that mimic more closely the skin environment and work out at the molecular level how these tinctures are working. If thyme tincture is proven to be as clinically effective as our findings suggest, it may be a natural alternative to current treatments," explained Dr Gomez-Escalada.
A herbal treatment for acne would be very welcome news - particularly for acne sufferers who experience skin sensitivity. "The problem with treatments containing benzoyl peroxide is the side-effects they are associated with," said Dr Gomez-Escalada. "A burning sensation and skin irritation are not uncommon. Herbal preparations are less harsh on the skin due to their anti-inflammatory properties while our results suggest they can be just as, if not more, effective than chemical treatments."
New Research, Studies and Developments in the Treatment of Acne
Society for General Microbiology
Leeds Metropolitan University
Scent of Rosemary Enhances and Improves Brain's Cognitive Performance
“Miracle Tree” Substance Produces Clean Drinking Water
What Is Metabolomics And Its Importance
Milk and It's Effect on Brain Development and Performance
Healthy Diet Leads to Better Mental Performance and Minimizes Brain Shrinkage
The Science of Food
Alzheimer's Disease Risk Minimized by Eating Fish
Scientists Study Secret Behind Chinese Herbal Medicine
Brown Rice Have High Levels of Arsenic
Poor Eating Habits At Work May Lead to Obesity, Diabetes and Other Disease
Nanobiodevice Consisting of Pond Scum Microbe, Euglena, Used To Detect Cancer
Lack of Omega 3 Fatty Acids May Cause Brain to Age Faster and Inhibit Memory and Thinking Functions
Flavonoids in Citrus Fruits Lowers Stroke Risk