04 June 2012

Study Show Bug Bombs And Foggers Have Minimal Effect Against Bed Bugs

Cimex Lectularius, are commonly called Bed Bugs. These are insects are about 1mm to 7mm small. They are flat and oval shaped to better squeeze into small tight spaces to avoid detection.

Bed bugs feed on sleeping people. Their bites are hardly felt and they are so small (around 1mm to 7mm) that they can hide in small crevices in the wall or bed frame. A thorough understanding of these pests is needed for proper bed bug control.

A home can suddenly be infested by bed bugs simply because it was brought there. Bed bugs can be carried from place to place by travelling thru clothing, suitcases, bags, or even in used furniture. Once settled in a home, they can travel up to 100 feet at night in search of sleeping victims.

Bug-bomb foggers are no match for bed bugs

New research shows foggers are ineffective against bed bugs

Consumer products known as "bug bombs" or "foggers" have been sold for decades for use against many common household insects. However, recent research published in the Journal of Economic Entomology (JEE) shows these products to be ineffective against bed bugs.

Video: Bed Bugs

In "Ineffectiveness of Over-the-Counter Total-Release Foggers Against the Bed Bug (Heteroptera: Cimicidae)," an article appearing in the June issue of JEE, authors Susan C. Jones and Joshua L. Bryant provide the first scientific evidence that these products should not be recommended for control of this increasingly worrisome urban pest.

"There has always been this perception and feedback from the pest-management industry that over-the-counter foggers are not effective against bed bugs and might make matters worse," said Susan Jones, an urban entomologist with the university's Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC) and a household and structural pest specialist with OSU Extension. "But up until now there has been no published data regarding the efficacy of foggers against bedbugs."

Jones and research associate Joshua Bryant evaluated three different fogger brands obtained from a nationwide retailer, and experiments were conducted on five different bedbug populations. Following application of the three foggers, Jones and Bryant found little, if any, adverse effects on the bed bugs.

Because a majority of bed bugs spend most of the time hiding in protected sites (under sheets and mattresses, in cracks and crevices, deep inside carpets, etc.), Jones said it is very unlikely that they will be exposed to the insecticide mist from foggers. And even if they do come into contact with the mist, she added, many bed bug populations have varying degrees of resistance to the insecticides, so they will most likely survive the application.

"These foggers don't penetrate in cracks and crevices where most bed bugs are hiding, so most of them will survive," Jones said. "If you use these products, you will not get the infestation under control, you will waste your money, and you will delay effective treatment of your infestation. Bed bugs are among the most difficult and expensive urban pests to control. It typically takes a professional to do it right. Also, the ineffective use of these products can lead to further resistance in insects."


Entomological Society of America
Journal of Economic Entomology
Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center
New Species of Trapdoor Spider Discovered: The Auburn Tiger Trapdoor Spider
Kinds of Spiders and the Secret Behind The Strength of Their Webs
New Wasp Species Discovered in Indonesia: Megalara Garuda, The King of Wasps
Creating Biological Defense Against Bioterrorism
Research Points to Developments in Dengue Prevention and Treatment
AstraZeneca and Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi) To Develop Drugs For NTDs Such As Leishmaniasis, Chagas Disease, and Sleeping Sickness.
Significant Clue On The Disappearance of Bees Discovered